Conscience Rights in Health Care
'Protection for conscience rights in health care is of especially great importance to the Catholic Church, which daily
contributes to the welfare of U.S. society through schools, social services, hospitals and assisted living facilities,' wrote
Cardinal O'Malley and Archbishop Lori. 'These institutions, which have been part of the Church's ministry since the earliest
days of our country, arose from religious convictions. They should not be told by government to abandon or compromise those
convictions in order to continue serving their own employees or the neediest Americans. Nor should individual Catholics or
others be told they cannot legally purchase or provide health coverage unless they violate their
Why We Need a Health Care Conscience Rights Act
The right of religious liberty, the First Freedom guaranteed by our Constitution, includes a right to provide and
receive health care without being required to violate our most fundamental beliefs. Especially since 1973, when abortion
became legal nationwide, federal lawmakers have worked in a bipartisan way to ensure that Americans can fully
participate in our health care system without being forced to take part in abortion or other procedures that violate
But the need to improve current laws is clear, because the right of conscience is still under attack:
- Dedicated health care professionals, especially nurses, still face pressure to assist in abortions under threat of
losing their jobs or their eligibility for training programs.
- The state of California recently started forcing all health insurers in the state to include elective abortions in
the health plans they sell.
- A Catholic agency that for years had provided excellent service lost its federal grant to serve the victims of human
trafficking, because it could not, in conscience, comply with a new requirement to facilitate abortions and other
morally objectionable procedures for its clients.
- Under the new health care reform law, the federal government demands that almost all health plans fully cover female
sterilization and drugs and devices that prevent pregnancy, including those that can cause an early abortion. Even
individuals and organizations with a religious objection to abortion, sterilization or other procedures are forced to
In some states, government officials are seeking to force even Catholic hospitals to allow abortions.
- This is why members of Congress of both parties are sponsoring the Health Care Conscience Rights Act (H.R. 940).The
Act would improve federal law in three ways:
- Correcting loopholes and other deficiencies in the major federal law preventing governmental discrimination against
health care providers that do not help provide or pay for abortions.
- Inserting a conscience clause into the health care reform law, so its mandates for particular "benefits" in private
health plans will not be used to force insurers, employers and individuals to violate their consciences or give up their
- Add a "private right of action" to existing federal conscience laws, so those whose consciences are being violated
can go to court to defend their rights.(Current enforcement is chiefly at the discretion of the Department of Health and
Human Services, which is itself sponsoring some attacks on conscience rights.)
All House and Senate members should be urged to support and co-sponsor the Health Care Conscience Rights Act, so our
First Freedom can regain its proper place as a fundamental right protected in our health care