Jewish Feasts

The Feast of Unleavened Bread

The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the day after Passover. It celebrates the day when the Israelites were freed from the bondage of Egypt and began their journey to the Promised Land. For seven days the entire Jewish community was prohibited from eating anything leavened, or even having any leaven in their territory.

Leaven is used as a metaphor in Jewish tradition, and throughout Sacred Scripture. First, it represents a person in urgent flight: one who does not have the time needed for dough to rise. Unleavened bread reminds us that Jews and Christians alike are refugees, always ready to respond to the Lord's commands, and working feverishly to bring the Kingdom of God to all. As such, we are all, and always, in flight. For this reason, even today, we are called to live spartan lives, always ready to respond as the Lord commands.

And second, "Leaven in Hebrew is called Chametz and literally means sour."1 Thus, it is used as a metaphor for false doctrine, evil influence, and sin. To comply with the Lord's command all leaven products must be removed from their homes: from every room, cabinet, oven, and crevice - every crumb. This includes all food and drink made from wheat, barley, rye, oats or their derivatives, all types of breads, cereals, pasta, and all baking agents. Once gathered, in ancient Egypt, the leaven was taken outside and burned. "The punishment for not obeying was to be cut off from the house of Israel. God views sin very seriously. Just as a little bit of leaven can cause a whole lump of dough to rise , so also a little sin if not dealt with can work its way through an entire congregation and defile it."2

Similarly, from a spiritual point of view, leaven is a metaphor for the forces in the recesses of our hearts which corrupt and sour our souls. Unless recognized and resisted, they find lodging within us. To prepare our souls to be a pure and undefiled sacrifice to our Lord - and hopefully ready to be active, energetic, and effective disciples - we must sweep clean our lives, through contrition, confession, active repentance and energetic service.

St. John the Baptist said, "Produce good fruits as evidence of your repentance; … Even now the ax lies at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.”3

"The commandment to thoroughly clean our homes and remove all leaven is a powerful picture of God’s commandment for us to be a holy and sanctified people, set apart from sin … even a small trace of spiritual leaven in our hearts can rise up very quickly as an evil impulse within us and corrupt and sour our relationship with the Father, and others."4

Feast of Unleavened Bread

Feast of Unleavened Bread
Image by: Unknown 1

Scriptural References

  1. The two angels reached Sodom in the evening, as Lot was sitting at the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he got up to greet them; … [and] prepared a meal for them, baking cakes without leaven, and they dined."(Exodus 19: 1-3)
  2. "Moses said to the people, 'Remember this day on which you came out of Egypt, that place of slavery. It was with a strong hand that the LORD brought you away. Nothing made with leaven must be eaten.'"(Exodus 13:3)
  3. "You shall not eat leavened bread with it. For seven days you shall eat with it only unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, that you may remember as long as you live the day of your departure from the land of Egypt; for in frightened haste you left the land of Egypt.(Deuteronomy 16:3)
  4. "In coming to the other side of the sea, the disciples had forgotten to bring bread. Jesus said to them, 'Look out, and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees' … Then they understood that he was not telling them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees"(Matthew 16:5–12)